In the Summer 2017 issue of YALS, (digital edition available now to members & subscribers via the Members Only section of the YALSA website) Hannah E. Spratt and Denise E. Agosto’s article explores fake news and offers resources and activities for helping your teens to recognize and combat fake news. Her article includes references and resources that shouldn’t be missed. The full list of those resources follows:

Identifying Fake News

Crockett, Lee W.  “The Critical Thinking Skills Cheatsheet [Infographic].”  Global Digital Citizen Foundation.  December 12, 2016.

“How to Spot Fake News.”  International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions.  Last modified April 4, 2017.

“Breaking News Consumer’s Handbook:  Fake News Edition.”  On the Media.  November 18, 2016.

“Evaluating Information – Applying the CRAAP Test.”. Meriam Library, California State University, Chico.  Last modified, September 17, 2010.

“Ten Questions for Fake News Detection.”  News Literacy Project.  Accessed April 1, 2017.

Online Resources for Fact Checking

Associated Press Fact Check

The Associated Press is a non-profit independent news organization dedicated to covering news stories from around the world.  AP Fact Check is an online resource provided by the Associated Press that offers additional resources for popular news.

American Press Institute

The American Press Institute is a nonprofit educational organization that conducts research and training, and creates tools for journalist with the intent to promote reliable news media in a digital age. They provide fact-checking resources on a wide range of resources from politics to public interest.

Detector de Mentrias (Lie Detector)

Detector de Mentrias is the first U.S. based Spanish-language fact checking project.  It is apart of Univision, a commercial media company focused on Spanish-speaking audiences.  Audiences are able to suggest fact-checking topics. is a nonprofit and nonpartisan organization that strives to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics.  They analyze the accuracy of what is being said in the news and media by U.S. politicians and affiliates.

PolitiFact is run by the independent newspaper the Tampa Bay Times and is devoted to fact checking claims that pertain to American politics.  They analyze statements and rate their accuracy on a truth scale.  Also associated with PolitiFact is PunditFact, a site dedicated to fact-checking pundits.

David Mikkelson, a professional research and writer, created in 1994 to share research on urban legends.  Over the last two decades, has grown to become one of the largest fact-checking sites on the Internet and is recognized as such by organizations like the American Library Association and the National Public Radio.

Recommended Sources for Bursting the Filter Bubble!

AllSides is news provider dedicated to providing multiple angles on the same story.  They do not create their own content, but provide users with multiple sources from left and right wing news providers.  The mission of AllSides is to combat the polarization of politics in our society that is a result of information being filtered by social media websites and search results.

Escape Your Bubble

Escape Your Bubble is a Chrome Extension that replaces ads with positive political articles from the opposite political party.  Upon downloading the extension, you are asked, “Who would you like to be more accepting of?” and given the option of seeing more positive Republican or Democratic information.

The New York Times

Hess, Amanda.  (March 2017).  “How to escape your political bubble for a clearer view.”  New York Times.  Accessed April 1, 2017.

Pew Research Center

Mitchell, Amy and Jeffrey Gottried, Jocelyn Kiley, and Katerina Eva Matsa.  (Oct 2014).  “Trust levels of news sources by ideological group.”  Pew Research Center.  Accessed April 1, 2017.

Read Across the Aisle

Read Across the Aisle is an iPhone app that, when downloaded, nudges users to read articles outside their “bubble.”  This app encourages users to read news from multiple sources in order to become better informed.


ALA Public Programs Office.  “News:  Fake news:  A library resources round-up.”  Programming Librarian.  February 23, 2017.

Alvarez, Barbara. “Public libraries in the age of fake news.” Public Libraries, 55, no.6 (November 2016): 24-27.

Cooke, Nicole.  “Post-truth:  Fake news and a new era of information literacy.”  Online webinar presented by the American Library Association, Wednesday, February 22, 2017.

Davis, Wynne.  “Fake or real?  How to self-check the news and get the facts.”  NPR. December 5, 2016.

“Evaluating information for accuracy is a skill that is timely – and timeless.”  Libraries Transform, Accessed April 1, 2017.

Gottfried, Jeffrey. and Michael Barthel.  “How millennials’ political news habits differ from those of gen x and baby boomers.”  Pew Research Center.  June 1, 2015.

Gottfried, Jeffrey and Elisa Shearer.  “News use across social media platforms.”  Pew Research Center.  May 26, 2016.

Hobbs, Renee.  “Empowering Learners with Digital and Media Literacy.”  Knowledge Quest 39, no. 5 (May 2011):  12-17.

Jolly, Jihii.  “How to build a healthy news diet.”  Columbia Journalism Review.  June 30, 2014.

“Media literacy:  A definition and more.”  Center for Media Literacy.  Accessed March 19, 2017.

Ohlheiser, Abby.  “This is how Facebook’s fake-news writers make money.” Washington Post, November 18, 2016.

“‘Post-truth’ declared word of the year by Oxford Dictionaries.”  BBC.  November 16, 2016.

Pariser, Eli.  “Beware online “filter bubbles.”  TEDtalk. May 2011.

Silverman, Craig.  “Here are 50 of the biggest fake news hits on Facebook from 2016.”  BuzzFeed.  December 30, 2016.

“State of America’s libraries 2016” shows service transformation to meet tech demands of library patrons.”  American Library Association.  April 11, 2016.

Wineburg, Sam & Sarah McGrew. “Evaluating information: The cornerstone of civic online reasoning.” Stanford History Education Group. November 22, 2016.

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