Life Online
The new realities created by technology
March 23, 2006
Lee Raine
Public Library Association

Pew/Internet & American Life Project

If you are not familiar with PEW, you should look at their site. They conduct research about a variety of topics including teens and technology. I have found that their research is very authoritative comparable to the OCLC report about the

PEW is an organization supported by non-profit donations

Experiences of being blogged

Writing of the Loud Librarian

Stephen Downes
Steven’s Web

Freedom to Connect
Live Instant messenger chat behind him. It would come up as he was speaking. Some would give links to the research and reports he talked about. some would comment informally (he looks younger than I imagined)

Are Kids too wired for their own Good (Time Magazine)
He focuses on internet use for everyone, but talks a lot about kids.

When living in Washington you have to attend an education camp
An education camp where you cannot leave until you can Philabuster

HE does not have a crystal ball about what patrons want or need

Eight Realities
1Millennials are a distinct age cohort, according to many measure of generational attitudes.
not generation X
Neil Howe and Strouss Millennials Rising

36% of total population, 31% minority
and they all grew up with technology and games

This is a generation of arranged play dates no child left behind and SAT
They are protected
They are confident
Team Oriented
do everything in groups
High achieving generation (best educated and best behaved adults of future)

They are pressured by overly involved parents
Conventional (innovative, love extra credit)

They are tech-embracing NOT ALL TECH SAVY. they don’t have the sense of what’s going on in devices, but have attachment towards communication power of their devices.

New and different expectations about technology

Millennial are immersed in world of media and gadgets
Age to 8 to 18 have

99 have a TV
98 have CD/tapeplayer
82 have Internet access
87 have a Video Game console

Generation M for Media

Home media ecology 1975
information conveyed in 4-5 ways

Now everything integrates back and forth
Web/Library 2.0 type (Tame the Web)

Information Needs
What is in their hands, what’s in front of them.

Their technology is mobile
Storage portable
Wireless is growing

As of December 1st 2005
61 have Walkman
55 Handheld Video game
45 Cell phone
37 MP3

Appointment media (TV, Radio) don’t have as much importance
Social Shifts

Constantly interacting
Smart Mods
Share info instantly without top down control.
People act instantly on information

Planned a trip to New York with daughter
same weekend as republican national convention
Went to Hairspray
Commented that he was only man with a coat and tie

As they look around they see Secret Service walk in for George Bush
Everyone 25 and under whipped out cellphone and started texting.
By the end of the show there were protestors, supporters, and people looking for autographs

Reindgold Smart Mod

Internet plays a large role in their lives
Pew monitors many internet uses
Slide compares how much teens are likely to do an activity.
Red = Teens more likely

Green = Equal appeal with teens and adults
Blue = Adults more likely

First gen with interactive media
they like to create and share content.

33% of online teens share their own creations online
Google Video

32% have created webpages or blogs for others including church, school, teams,

22% report keeping own personal page

19% have created own online journal or blog
more than a third above adults
More girls than any

19% remix online content into own artistic content

Steve Bartman’s journey
within in hour his work info was found
within two hours his home information
within four hours it had been translated into 14 languages

Overnight many people altered photos
put his picture in many different pictures (see slides)
They should be able to be in the others creative process

they should be able to critic
they should be commented on
They need acknowledged.
Form smart mods from comments

Their devotion to internet has shaped how they approach research
then library

Need online on phone support
they don’t need in the face information
Don’t be through

The are multitaskers
Kiser Family Fountain

They do many things at the same time, they don’t concentrate on one media at a time

eight hours of media exposure squeezed into 6 hours

Continuous partial attention (not multi tasking)
Constantly scanning for what will be the best information.
Plans are very flexible based on imputes

Library needs to be one impute with text, chat, and email.

People are saying Teens

Libraries can strike balance between constant impute and focus.
We have reading rooms, and collections full of information

Pressure it puts on society to constantly be online, always available.

Some businesses have email free Fridays or once a month. Making employees talk to colleagues

Online reading is counted towards online time and not literacy in research currently. New Literacies for Teens and Technology explored this topic

Reality 6 their (our) technology world will change radically in the next decade

Middle of many technology J curves

Nintendo Revolution,
MMORPGS are very popular

Moore’s law Computing power doubles every 18 months

Communication power doubles every 9 months- Gilder’s law
Spectrum power is enhanced with efficiently

Move bits through pipes= Computers can move faster because the computer works at a faster rate
We can also compact things more

Storage power doubles every 12 months

Everything will get smarter
More things will be able to connect to internet
We will have smart items. RFD Devices
Computer chip in door that would recognize the you chip and let people in
recognize domino’s pizza guy

doesn’t recognize strangers, and thus will warn you

Put in soil to help farmers know when to irrigate, it will monitor soil

The importance of being in a place will be less important

Creation will explode. Movement towards citizen driven media

My media matters as much as mass media

Idea of Long Tail (Wired Magazine Editor Chris) (Tame the Librarian covers The Long Tail in Libraries)

Take on different social and cultural implications
For struggling bands writers and independent films

You can look at Webcomics to see a real illustration of this. They are able to covey an infinite canvas, and gain following, and now are transitioning into books. Before no one would publish titles such as Megatokyo, Penny Arcade, and even Red Vs Blue, but they have shaped more than the comic fields

We are tagging.
Delicious is a way to share links
Flicker shared photos

Even YALSA tags with preset groups: Professional Development, New Librarians, Lists…

The way they approach learning and research task will be shaped by their new techo-world
Learning and research will be more self-directed
Better arrayed to catch different
More reliable on feedback response
More tied to group outreach and networks
More open to cross discipline aspects
More oriented towards individualism

Target rich environment

You have the privilege reacting to and shaping these new researchers and learners

Attendee:We have to not judge the way people get information, or the way they process it

We should celebrate what teens are doing

Teens think everything they need is on the web.

When I go to exhibit halls I always have a plan. I have been to Gen-Con with my husband enough to know how to handle a exhibit hall (but I haven’t been to ALA yet-I’m working my way there)

First you look through all the mailings and coupon books for the words “free ____” and you fill out those first. Organize them by booth number, and hit those on the first night. Do not stop to look at any interesting displays on the way or you may miss the freebies. Try to only go for something that you really want or need, and save drawings for later.

Then after you have those first elusive items start in a corner and browse your way around. Always fill out the addresses of places you want during lunch or before sessions begin so that in the exhibit hall you can see more. One librarian once told me to make address labels with my name address and email so that I can fill out entry forms with one stick.

When you are walking around browse as if you aren’t going to return to these booths again. Feel free to pass up any not in your specialty area, but also new librarians and students can learn many things by asking questions of the exhibitors, because they want to sell you things, so they will talk as long as you listen.

Feel free to break the hall into sections that you visit between sessions. I normally look at the exhibitor and pick a few I don’t want to miss no matter what, so I can browse those aisles first. They give you a paper map of the hall in your packets normally, and I think its perfectly appropriate to write notes on it about where you went.

Lastly after I have been through the hall once I will often walk through the aisles at various times to see if I missed anything the first time due to crowds or lack of staff. The most important thing I think is to remember that you are their customers, and that you should take the time to really ask questions you have, especially for students who do not have Reps.

Here are some tidbits I picked up at PLA’s exhibit hall opening

Ulysses Moore The Door to Time MP3-CD
The Girl from Charnelle by K. L. Cook
Mockingbird A portrait of Haper Lee by Charles J. Shields

Crossing the Wire by Will Hobbs
Fly by Night by Frances Hardinge
And You Know You Should be Glad by Bob Greene
Teen Ink January, February, March 2006, Info on their new book series and Subscription information
Information about Playway, but I didn’t get a chance to listen at the booth
Thomas Klise/Crimson Multimedia Catalog with a free CD Cleaner attached
New release handouts from Recorded Books
Postcard for Digipalooza 2006 (Celebrate Digital Media in libraries)

Flyer about Download Stations at Boston Public Library
A nice packet of information about downloadable media from OverDrive
A NetLibrary Authentication Server Letter
Information about Azuradisc “Disc Care & Repair”
Target and Reading is Fundamental- Summer Reading is out of this world packet and t-shirt
FAFSA form
JFJ Disc Repair pamphlet

Youth Librarian News Volume 3 issue 1
Library Journal
Learning Games & Literacy Kits Brochure from Learning Props for Libraries pamphlet
AARP Internet Resources on Aging Handouts including info on AgeLine
Online Public Access Catalog- Lookup Feature handout from INGRAM
Issues of Publishers Quality Library Service that has review for every book in catalog in the catalog. They sell the “season’s finest titles”

A pen
DC Comics Graphic Novel Catalog
Voya Volume 28 Number 6
Video Librarian Volume 21 No. 2
Dewey Decimal posters
Search modifier poster from Google and a epilepsy inducing pin (but now I don’t’ have to worry about identify myself when I’m meeting librarians from online)
A folder of information about the Online Degree from Syracuse University

And lastly
an “Ogre Achiever” poster from Walden Media

This may seem like a lot, but I refused many items, and didn’t finish going through the entire first floor.

I focused on gaining information about downloadable media, and asked many relevant exhibitors about a certain topic I’m interested in…gaming.

I was able to learn from many of the exhibitors many things I wondered about when studying in my MLS classes. I have always enjoyed attending the exhibits, because there are so many people normally the exhibitors let you make the first move to stop at their booth, although I saw some tricks tonight. One booth had a sheet of real money they were letting people cut money off. Nothing to do with the program but people were stopping. I also saw many blinking areas, TV displays, comfortable enticing chairs, Interactive demos on Kiosks, and free galleys. All in the interest of getting people in the booths.
I am proud of myself for getting so little, my first national conference I had to move my clothes to a bag that was handed out for free, because I filled my suitcase with galleys and Advanced readers copies. I learned my lesson in two ways.

1 I came with room in my suitcase, and anticipation of taking more bags home
2 I brought my collapsible rolling cart to bring my things back to my hotel without hurting my back, or shoulder.

Not that I can hold my promise, but I’ll try and synthesize what I learned about the audio books for the readers after PLA.

Good night and See you tomorrow

Jami Schwarzwalder

Posted by Linda W. Braun

I’m happy to report two changes to YALSA’s blog just implemented. The first is our URL. Now you can find the YALSA blog at which is much more direct and much more friendly.

Second, the blog now requires that anyone who comments needs to have a username and password. In other words commenting requires a login. While this might seem like extra work for commenters, what this change does is guarantee that the spam we receive via blog comments is cut down to nothing. This way readers won’t find that the comments they have to wade through include sales pitches for a wide array of products.

If you’ve been a commenter in the past and haven’t setup a username and password you’ll want to do that now. If you are a new commenter you’ll want to set up a username and password too.

The setup is really pretty simple. Scroll down the blog page and on the right side you’ll see a link labeled “Register.” Click on that and then fill out the short form in order to register for the blog.

Once you are registered whenever you want to comment click on the login link (in the same section of the page as register) and you’ll be good to go.

Ultimately both of these changes are going to help make the YALSA blog even better.

Thanks to ALA ITTS staff who persisted in both of these areas.

Posted by Jami Schwarzwalder:

Opening General Session for PLA Conference
Linda Ellerbee
March 22, 2006

President of ALA:
You can judge a community by the quality of its libraries

The library is the only place you can walk in off the street and get advice from a Master level professional without a fee

Linda Ellerbee
Journalist, Author, Producer, Breast Cancer survivor
Luck Duck Programming, Get Real! series

“what could be nicer than being a room with people who love books and read them”

Take Big Bites life philosophy

When I was young I thought change was a choice
I also told myself that anything is possible

Went to college to find a husband or in the case he died, or left me in another less honorable manner I would HAVE SOMETHING TO FALL BACK ON

Love college so much she left after a year

Taught in the mountains
Worked at an FM station

Married Texas Cowboy poet

In Alaska, left commune to write radio programs for politician

In Juno, her husband left her with a two and three year old. Parents wanted to raise her kids so she took matters in her hands

She wrote letters to editors telling them-that she could be an excellent journalist if she just had a chance.

She got one response. If she passed a test she could have a job. She passed.

She wrote a letter in 1972 about how the APO has only one female, and if they want to show they aren’t discriminatory they should hire a diverse individual (half cre lesbian….)

Letter wasn’t supposed to go out, but it went to the entire associated press

Of course she lost her job, only because they couldn’t shoot her.

That’s when the job offers poured in

To take a microphone and put it in the face of anyone who just went through a personal tragedy is being a moral dwarf.

People said Murphary Brown was based on her
Who wouldn’t like a loud mouth woman who’s mouth is always getting her in trouble

She wanted to change the way broadcasting worked

If men run the world why do they get up every morning and tie a noose around their neck.

Women have learned much from men in the industry.
“Let us not forget that we have much to teach”

One night a woman came in crying. The women gave her a huge made her a cup of tea, and then the world went on. The corporate didn’t stop because a few acts of kindness.

A sick child is important, a lost love is important

I have seen the effects of the stress that pulls in all the different directions

#2 Face a new change with joy

“He who can not change the fabric of his own thoughts cannot change anything”

As a kid there were drills for the soviets dropping nuclear bombs, but they didn’t talk about the fears.

Now we talk about hard times, we don’t hide it from them.

#3 You must always set a place at the table for and unexpected guest

A boy talked his mother into leaving just in time. He only packed a few clothes, but when asked what he needed most that had been left behind he said “ My Friends”

She learned that the easier a change is make the less important it is

Change can be a form of hope
to risk change is a investment in the future

#4 Just because everything has changed doesn’t mean its different.

More things are possible than she ever imagined, both good and bad

She was as young as she was going to be and she was never going to be any younger

#5 IN this world a good time to laugh is anytime

She owes her life to 5 people and one thing
Her two kids, Her two parents, her English teacher, and her library card.

Most grateful for being able to say Thank You to her old mentor.

Pre-conference Conclusion

In Conclusion, History RA is not much different from other RA. As I was sitting through the session, I was reminded of many Movies that would pair nicely with the titles mentioned. I could not think of many games that connected with historical fiction, but there are not many historical games. Eternal Darkness, Civilization, and Oregon Trail were the only ones I could think of.

I think that YA librarians have the potential to use what their patrons know in order to connect them to books. My high school history experience was quite dull and boring, until I found children’s historical fiction that I would read along with what we studied in class. I doubt many teens with be as industrious as I was, but We may connect them on these three points (topics from history class, historical/biographical movies, and historically set video games)

I will conclude with some quotes from the end of the Pre-conference session

(on Historical fiction connecting to Non-fiction)
Its about picking threads and linking them- Sharron Smith

Look for more narrative non-fiction-Sharron Smith

Taking a reader from non-fiction to fiction is harder than fiction to non-fiction – Brad Hooper

A well written biographical novel is not necessarily cradle to grave – Brad Hooper

Connect books with Strong Characterization – Brad Hooper

Biographical novels convey a Hero with flaws – Brad Hooper

A well written historical novel seamlessly weaves in history to the story through characters dialogue.- Cathy Jo Yarmoski

Setting is important – Cathy Jo Yarmoski

Look at themes- Cathy Jo Yarmoski

Suggest non-fiction that “reads like a story” – Cathy Jo Yarmoski

Ask Do people want the same or something different- Cathy Jo Yarmoski

Closing Remarks

Duncan Smith

“The real reason we are here is not books…It’s the reader”

“I have always thought of history happening to others. But it happens to me too.”

Remember that today’s teens were born in 1988 to 1995. They probably do not remember the Challenger, the Berlin wall falling, or the first Iraq conflict.

“The Odyssey is what hero has to do to become human again.”

Posted by Jami Schwarzwalder

Book Buzz
Nancy Pearl
March 22, 2006 10:30-11:30

Nancy Pearl, Librarian, Book enthusiast, Action Figure Model

Since Nancy Pearl focuses on mostly Adult titles, I do not know if some of the titles will be appropriate for Young Adults, but they may be appropriate for you the book lover.

This event is so popular that many people are sitting in the lobby.

“People clap at the beginning out of faith and hope. And they clap at the end out of charity”

“We are here today because we can’t be reading, so we do the next best thing and talk about them”-Nancy Pearl

“We forget just how practical reading can be” – Nancy Pearl

She was in the Mallory hotel and when she shut the door, the handle didn’t work. When she tried the handle, it did not work and she thought: “I’m locked in the bathroom in the Mallory hotel, and I have nothing to read” –Nancy Pearl

“How many people brought at least two books to the conference?” Most of the room raised a hand.

Four editors from the publishing world. (I am sorry I know I will butcher the names, I am so very sorry)

Marcy Presell- Head of library marketing for Random House

Nora Robinson- Began career in Baltimore county, went to Library Journal
Time Warner Book Group

Virgina Stanely- Library Marketing for Harper Collins

Tellya Ross- Jewish studies from Barnard. Head of Library Marketing Holts Spring.


“Hardest to pick out the books to talk about”

The Brief History of the Dead by Kevin Brockmeier
already out
“Remember me when I am Gone”
Alternative World
World of all the people who already died
As long as someone remembers them that is alive
Once forgotten they disappear

“Reminds us what it means to be alive”
Nancy-Going to be on my list of the top ten list of fiction
Literally power of memory
For people who read for character

Black Swan Green by David Mitchell
A tender mysterious coming of age story
rural England
Great for YA audience

breaks treasured Christmas ornament
spends year trying to replace
Characters leap off the page

Stumbling on Happiness by Daniel Gilbert
What makes us happy
what we think will and why it doesn’t
“Why does the line at the grocery store slow down just when you get in it”
“Why will a wife forgive infidelity, but gets mad about dirty dishes?”

Professor at Harvard

The Attack by Yasmina Khadra
A doctor who’s wife is killed in a terriost attack
discovers secret about her

Miracle in the Andes by Nando Parrado
1972 a plane carrying a group of athles crashes in Andes
One of the most amazing survival stories told through the voice of one of the boys who walked over the Andes with Airline seats as snowshoes

Gives message of Hope.

The Man of my Dreams by Curtis Sittenfeld
Author of Prep
Hannah is 14 in 1991,
Magazines cover elaborate weddings
Parents marriage falling apart
then She grows up
How can she find true love

The Whole World Over by Julia Glass
Story of woman in a bad marriage
chef in Brooklen
Gets attention of Offical from New Mexico
Becomes professional chef for him

The Poe Shadow by Matthew Pearl
Edgar Allan Poe didn’t die of natural causes

when researching book author found some new information about him

Stuart: A Life Backwards by Alexander Masters
Grim but important
man who is knife welding alcoholic heron addict who spends half his live in prision

The Good, Good Pig by Sy Montgomery
A woman adopts small pig, and he grows to 750lbs
about community

The Culture Code by Clotaire Rapaille
Very scientific
Why Americans like
Why German kids need instructions to play legos

A Day with a Perfect Stranger by David Geregory
After Dinner with a perfect stranger
Seatmate is Jesus

Wisdom of Our Fathers by Tim Russert

The New Ann Coulter by Ann Coulter

Armageddon’s Children by Terry Brooks

Glass Books of the Dream Eater by Gordon Dahlquist

Culture Warrior by Bill O’Reilly

Thirteen Moons by Charles Frazier

Blood and Thunder by Hampton Sides
Coldmountain guy
The Audacity of Hope by Barrack Obama

Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid by Bill Bryson

Soldier: The Life of Colin Powell by Karen DeYoung

Foxworthy’s Redneck Dictionary II by Jeff Foxworthy

Thunderstruck by Erik Larson

Barefoot Contessa at Home by Ina Garten

Rachael Ray 2, 4, 6, 8 by Rachael Ray

Talla Ross from Holtzbrinkck

Request Adult Books for Teens Catalog

St. Martin’s Minotaur (Mystery Publisher)

The King of Lies by John Hart

Sequence by Lori Andrews

Still life by Louise Penny
Quebec country side

first book in three
People that don’t read mysteries will love this book

The Darkest Place by Daniel Judson

Heart of the World by Linda Barnes
Most intense, most suspenseful Carlotta Carlyle Mystery

Cold Kill by David Lawrence
part of a series

Tella’s favorite
Blood and Guts

No Nest for the Wicket by Donna Andrews
7th installment

The Highly Effective Detective by Richard Yancey
a loveable but bumbling investigator
first book in serious

Inside the mind of Gideon rayburn by Sarah Miller
For YA audience
inside Gideon’s mind
funny sexy wise and more human than you ever imagined

Trying to get authors in libraries check out website for more


The Girl from Charnelle by K. L. Cook(man)
Coming of Age story
reminded of She’s come undone

Full of Grace by Dorothea Benton Frank

funny southern story about couple who are retired

Savannah Breeze by Mary Kay Andrews
Sequel to Savannah Blues
one woman’s discovery about what’s important in life
Southern Fiction

No Good Deeds by Laura Lippman
Series, but can start anywhere

“Great speaker” Virgina
Has won every mystery author award

Coronado: A Collection of Stories by Dennis Lehane
Author of Mystic River and Shutter Island
Wonderful short story writer
Collection of previously published, and one new

Abundance: A novel of Marie Antoinette by Sena Jeter Naslund
Historical Fiction
make you feel like you are there

Leaving Microsoft to Change the World by John Wood
was executive at Microsoft
walked about from Microsoft to start a non-profit dedicated to fight against illiteracy in the world.
Room to Read
Building schools and libraries faster than Starbucks did in its first 5 years

Nancy-Remember to pick up Galleys, and realse lists. Do what the patrons do and start placing holds on them in the library

Nora Robinson

Smitten: a kitten’s guide to happiness by Rachael Hale
Adorable kitten on the cover

My Smart Puppy

how to raise puppies

Monkey Portraits by Jill Greenberg

“Librarians say they need to know about books as early as possible”-Virginia

A perfect Mess: The Hidden Benefits of Disorder by Eric Abrahamsom and David H. Freedman (Coming in January)

YA titles
Gossip Girl by Cecily Von Zie

The It Girl
James Patterson- Maximum Ride
Kids who are genetically engineered

“Young adult novels deal with so many issues that we tend to forget about.”

Girl falls in love with a Vampire

New Moon

Second in series

Incantation by Alice Hoffman (October)
Historical Novel
Jewish during Spanish Inquisition

Skylight Confession by Alice Hoffman
for Adult
Family issues

How Opal Mehta got Kissed, Got Wild, and Got a Life by Kaavya Viswanathan
Opal spent entire life to get into Harvard
Out in Audio- American Accent of daughter and Indian of parents

“thinking about audio galley book club”
The Notebook Girls
Adult books
Parents see how kids are behaving

Four real girls notebooks
they pass around among each other

The Girls by Lori Lansens
Printing books early Coming in May
two sisters who are very close
conjoined twins
Steven Spielberg has purchased as potential movie

Sleep away the pounds by Cherie Calbom

Reactions to Historical Fiction

Brad Hooper- panel member

Adult Books Editor, Booklist

Historians are ask
How do you know that?
Ok you told me where you got it why do you believe it?

Must argue why they trust material

underlying is with Characters

back-story game

How do you handle a event or a social group that didn’t keep much historical details?

to be convincing to a reader you have to do the research

Spend time retracing roots of characters. (evening prayers are time markers) Readers will follow as well

Accounts of gypsies were not that accurate, but linguists transcribed what the actual gypsies said. German language was what linguist spoke, so transcripts are in German

Difference between Narrative fictions and historical is narrative-historical fiction

Historical fiction have a consistency of truth, and must teach readers the difference.

“As an author it is a great experience to switch genres”

Poke through archives and dig through time

Look for convincing details of the time

Kathryn Lasky-panel member

“Fortunately history is not made by headlines, blogs, and hot news. It takes time to … “Donald Rumsfield(yesterday in paper)

I think historical fiction is made of everyday people doing every day things

Author of first Dear America title

best resource was Morts relation not William Bradford
day by day journal written by pilgrims
Pilgrim Bloggers

can be found earliest accounts of Mayflower contract
it gives it a live that transcends centuries.

Never written ”history book”, but has done immense amounts of research

Why I write historical fiction:
“Reading history it is a way of living extra lives” –Tony Hindra author of Father Joe

Don’t write to teach, but wants to raise questions in the minds of reader( ethics, morality) Explore not be told

Beyond the burning time about Salem witch trials made her think. Appalled by commercialization of Salem. “it was like Disneyworld”, so she started doing some research. Read transcripts of trials. “what would it be like if my mother would have been arrested and tried as a which”

getting it right-sometimes you do have to depart, alter. you cannot disrupt the fabric of the period. You have to really understand the fabric of period

pet peeves-when people try to imposed a 20th century aire of political and environmental correctness.
If a women is locked in a tower she would not know about injustice. She may get mad and stomp her foot, but she will not go on about how women should be treated.

Killing a bunny in the 18th century should be realistic. They won’t have a funeral for the bunny.
Girl was raped, she was shunned and a reader wrote in saying that the author should have had a support group in novel (it was in the 18th century-they didn’t have support groups then)

Know editors will want to edit something out so she will put in something that she can use as a bargaining chip. Go over the top, so that she can keep some elements.
Scholastic wanted her to take out Bear baiting (Animal rights issue), but was fine with the beheading.

Reviewing historical novels
Brad Hooper- panel member
Adult Books Editor, Booklist

Tell upfront it is a historical novel. “It is set in renaissance Italy”
Don’t go into historical detail, assume people don’t know basic history ID people places events, except for painfully obvious.

Judge historical fiction as any fiction. hold same standard for light fiction as light historical fiction and same standard for serious historical fiction and serious fiction

How well is the history integrated into the story. Should be a smooth transition

Pay attention to characters. Characters need to be developed.

Pre-Cold Mountain and Post-Cold Mountain

Post Cold Mountain
very literary

Upcoming April 15th Focus on Historical novels about China are big, lot are beautifully done. More and more people are going to China, and China is more in the news today.

I don’t see a trend in: Middle East. (maybe a travel thing)

Interest in female renaissance painters

Female protagonists are on the rise

Many set in New York City (Dramatic place)

Civil War setting, but now most are just like Cold Mountain

Broadening out of Historical fiction. Don’t’ have to be about kings and queens or big events

can be ordinary people doing ordinary things just set one hundred years ago

15 min break
Then we are breaking into groups to talk about historical fiction
13 moderators will stay and talk about subgenre then rotate.

I’m going to save my sanity and not Blog this.

Reading the Past: the Appeal and Characteristic of Historical Fiction

Sarah L Johnson
Author published by Libraries Unlimited

Started with Fantasy and transitioned to Historical Fiction

Why people read historical fiction
What is it?
How do you define it?
Who reads it?
When does it take place?

Where can you find it?
How Much of it’s is history and how much is fiction

“The past is another Country…they do things differently there” –L.P. Hartley

They want to read about characters that do things different. Escape into past. Forget about day-to-day lives.
We need to be able to identify with them, without the familiarity, we cannot make that connection

Some authors take unfamiliar and make it familiar-leave feeling that human nature is the same no matter the time period

Some novelists express how different characters in the past are from us. Get feeling that is another world
“All novels are historical… but some are more historical than others”
George Orwell (sort of…)

Novels set at time the authors write them are not historical fiction.

Novels that are written about 50, 30 even 20 years in the past can be historical fiction, especially in children’s fiction.

Books dealing with the past are not historical novels

“Nouns always trump adjectives, and in the phrase ‘historical fiction,’ it is important to remember which is which.”- Thomas Mallon

Readers are not forgiving if the author changes events, or adds an event that did not happen

They are more forgiving if there is an author’s note in the end

Historical fiction can help to fill gaps in history.

Readers like to read many different accounts of the same event

Author needs to convince reader that the world is real

what readers want

Very picky, very annoying, not very forgiving if author gets something wrong

Convincingly accurate historical setting
Not all readers are familiar with the history

Entertaining plotline
Historical facts are not enough.

Compelling, realistic characters that reflect their time

Characters have to be appropriate for that time. They want to know what it was like to live in the time setting

To learn what it is like to live in another time period

Historical detail that is woven naturally into the story
not interested in information dumps

Successful with combine historical facts with realistic characters, and a moving plot.
Historical fiction is everywhere.
Historical fiction is part of all genres, so you have to look in all areas of fiction

you do not need a PHD to do RA in history. You can ask the reader about a particular period if you are unfamiliar with.

Very Broad Category. It tends to be invisible..
Invisible in collection, too broad to fit into its own section
Libraries and Bookstores do not have historical section.
Cannot rely on on-line catalog. Subject headings do not help

Librarians may need to spend more time connecting with patrons.
Spend time knowing benchmark books, create displays, and reach readers..

The Red Tent by Anita Diamant
Religious, Literary, appeals to Jews, Women, and Historians

Cold Mountain by Charles Frazier
It is a universal novel

The Other Boleyn Girl by Philippa Gregory
Anne Bolyen told by sister Mary.

First to come out in trade paperback
More popular novel of court women

All these novels have strong female characters
Readership is 70 to 75% women (informal guess)


The Basics

Traditional Historical Novels

Goals Realistically portray a historical period.
Biographical novels
Strong Protagonists
Author is storyteller

the Lady in the Tower-Jean Plaidy
Widow’s War

Multi-Period Epics

James A Michener

Let readers view a culture over an extended period of time
Provide comprehensive picture of a civilization area
Doorstops (1,000 pages)

Family relationships
Social history

Long or Series

John Jakes Civil War
Jessica Stirling Wives of War


Romantic Historical Fiction

Romantic Epics

Large scale stories with sweeping drama and star-crossed lovers.
Long and detailed
no guarantee romance will end happy

Romantic Historical
Smaller scale
equal emphasis on history and story
possible multiple love interests

Historical Romances
One central relationship
focus on romance, not on history
Characters react to history, not really part of it
Romance will end happily

Western Historical Novels
Authentically will portray the old west
more diverse subjects and view points


now more diverse main characters (women, African Americans, Native Americans)
Broader time period

Historical Adventure
Let readers travel and have adventures
Fast paced

Heroic protagonists(usually men)

Historical Thrillers
Engage and thrill with exciting suspenseful exhilarating storylines
fast paced

Literary Historical Novels
Use historical story as a way of expressing a universal or contemporary theme
often referred to as contemporary novels
Address serious issues

Character driven
Leisurely paced

Christian Historical Novels
From a Christian worldview

Portray religious lives in previous time
deal with Christian principles
No explicit sex or language

Francine Rivers
Liz Curtis Higgs

Historical Mysteries
Solving mystery in past
must be accurate in how they solve crime

Part III The Outer Limits
Time-Slip Novels

let readers pretend going back in time is possible.
Supernatural events.
Creatively written
Elements of romance, mystery, fantasy, thrillers, even science fiction

Alternate History
Cross between Science Fiction and Historical Fiction
What IF…
Examine alternative outcomes

run counter to historical fact.
Many based around wars or battles
thought provoking
must know what happened to know what would have happened so very historically based

Never Call Retreat

Historical Fantasy
Fantastical settings

On the edge of myth and history
Otherworldly atmosphere
Supernatural events important, but not a plot device

Multi Genre Titles
The Game of Kings by Dorothy Dunnett
Traditional, literary, swashbuckling adventure

Outlander Eiana Gabaldon

Romantic epic, time-slip, traditional

Possession A.S. Byatt
Literary, romantic, mystery

The Future of Fantasy PLA Pre-conference Part II
Many authors are mentioned, and I apologize if I misspelled any names.

Charles De Lint


Non-Fantasy readers read his books

Books and Librarians
Recommends Firebirds Rising (abandon girl raised by librarians)

Fascinated with creative impulse.

Write what he likes to read.

The more I write I realize that telling a story isn’t enough

I want to learn something I never could before
Elements have to arise from the story elements themselves

If the world is supposed to be dark, why were we given light?

Support the artists

Writing characters requires paying attention, and research

Deal with real life. When a death and depression enters it changes you, and you can’t ignore that in a novel

Writers tend to gravitate toward characters they are interested in.

Cast in stories will look like friends

Strong reactions to characters means the writing is working

Fell let down when finishing novel, like moving to a new job.

Through letters he has the impression he is doing the right thing.

Question: What books to you read?
C:Historical Fiction, YA books, everything
Will Lamore

Q: Other Authors that need to be recognized
Favorite Books

Holly Black
Hindacoff studio
Godmother night
Andrew Bax

Editor Panel
David G. Hartwell

Ruth Katcher

Betsy Mitchell

Sharyn November

Fantasy was first a part of the children’s section
the genre boundary between YA and Adult is TOTALLY artificial

Upcoming Authors (Fantasy)

China Mieville
Charles Stross
The family Trade
Paul Park
Jeff Van der Mejr
Venis Underground
Jean Wolf
Ken Oppel

Margo Lanagan
Mette Harrison
The Princess and the Hound

Not Known Authors
Nina Carikay Hoffman
A Fist full of Sky

New Classics-
Terry Pratchett
China Mieville
Jean Wolf
Orson Scott Card
Dragon Waiting
Magic for Beginners- Small Bear Press
Garth Nix
Series of Unfortunate Event

Nancy Farmer
Diana Winn Jones
Megan Willen Turner
Phillip Pullman

Short Story collections are working again.

Realms of Fantasy
Mag. of Sci Fi & Fantasy

Mix it up, Don’t focus so much on labels. Reader’s don’t care whether a book is published under Children’s or Adult.